Regina Maria Roche (1764-1845) was born in Waterford to Captain Blundell Dalton of the 40th Regiment and she moved to England in 1794 after her marriage. Her first two novels were published under her maiden name (Dalton). Roche wrote sixteen novels, the majority of which were published by the Minerva Press and William Lane. She returned to Ireland in the 1820s. The Children of the Abbey is about the orphaned children of an Irish soldier who are fraudulently disinherited by a wicked aunt and cousin. There are supernatural surprises in their adventures in an Irish castle and the ‘haunted’ abbey of Dunreath. The Children of the Abbey was first published by Minerva Press in 1796. The Children of the Abbey (3rd ed) is a Cork printing from 1798.
Emily Hickey (1845-1924) was an Irish author, translator and lecturer, teaching at North London Collegiate School for Girls. She contributed to Longman's Magazine, Good Words, The Athenaeum and the Irish Monthly. In 1881 she co-founded the Browning Society with Frederick James Furnivall. In 1901 she converted to Catholicism and disavowed some of her earlier work as the themes of the poetry no longer fit her Catholic beliefs. Hickey spent more of her later years writing for the Catholic Truth Society. She was awarded a Civil List pension. Hickey's published works include:
William O'Brien (1852-1928) was an Irish politician, journalist and MP in the House of Commons. He was associated with campaigns for land reform in Ireland in the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1890 he married Sophie Raffalovich who brought considerable wealth to the marriage enabling O'Brien to act with political independence and providing finances to establish his own newspapers.
Charlotte Grace O'Brien (1845-1909) was an Irish author, philanthropist as well as activist in nationalist causes and protecting female emigrants. Her father was William Smith O'Brien, the Irish nationalist transported to a penal settlement Tasmania in 1849. In 1879 O'Brien who previously had been hard-of-hearing became completely deaf. From 1882 O'Brien exposed in articles and letters to newspapers and reviews the grotesque conditions that existed in Cobh, then known as Queenstown, in the lodging houses there, on board the emigrant ships, and in the dock slums of New York City, where the Irish had to stay upon landing. She also contributed to periodicals like The Nation, United Ireland, Limerick Field Club Journal, Dublin University Review and the Irish Monthly.
Elizabeth Amelia Sharpe (1856-1932) married her cousin William Sharp (1855-1905) was a Scottish writer. William Sharp also wrote under the name 'Fiona McLeod.' Elizabeth Sharpe wrote William Sharpe (1910). Lyra Celtica: An Anthology of Representative Celtic Poetry is an anthology of poetry from all the Celtic nations. It includes ancient Scottish, Irish, Cornish, Manx and Breton poems as well as works by contemporary Scottish and Irish poets including Fiona MacLeod, Katharine Tynan, WB Yeats, Bliss Carman, Villiers de I'Isle-Adam and Arthur Quiller Couch. Elizabeth also wrote:
Eleanor Hull (1860-1935) was a scholar of old Irish literature and folklore. Hull studied under Pederson, Kuno Meyer and Robin Flower. The Irish Literary Society appointed a provisional sub-committee to consider the feasibility for creating a society for publishing Irish texts. In 1898 Hull co-founded the Irish Texts Society for the publication of early manuscripts and she was honorary secretary of the Society for nearly thirty years. Members of the executive council included Douglas Hyde (president), Frederick York Powell (chairman), Norma Borthwick & Hull (honorary secretaries), RAS Macalister (honorary treasurer) Goddard Orpen, Alfred Nutt, Thomas Flannery, JG O’Keeffe, Daniel Mescal, GA Greene and M O’Sullivan. In addition Hull was president of the Irish Literary Society and a member of the Council of the Folklore Society. Hull's published works include:
Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson (1909-1991) was a linguist and translator specialising in Celtic languages. He was Professor of Celtic at Harvard from 1939 and Chair of Celtic Literature, Edinburgh University from 1949.
Joseph Campbell (1879-1944) was an Irish poet and illustrator. He wrote under the Irish version of his name 'Seosamh Mac Cathmhaoil.' HIs play Judgement (1912) was performed in the Abbey Theatre. One of his illustrated works is Four Irish Songs by Charlotte Milligan Fox. During the Civil War, he was interned for 18 months and following his release he left Ireland and settled in New York. There he lectured at Fordham University and worked in academic Irish Studies. He returned to Ireland in 1939.
Padraic Colum (1881-1972) was an Irish writer and a leading figure in the Irish Literary Revival. Colum was a member of the Gaelic League and the first board of the Abbey Theatre and was friends with Yeats and Lady Gregory.. Colum founded The Irish Review with James Stephens and Thoma MacDonagh. In 1914 he moved with his wife Mary Gunning Magure to America. There he wrote versions of Irish and Hawaiian folklore tales for children. After Mary died in 1957 he divided more of his time between Ireland and America.
Thomas Cornelius (TC) Murray (1873-1959) was an Irish dramatist. He was born in Macroom, Co. Cork and worked as a school teacher before becoming head of the primary school in Rathduff, Co Cork. Murray co-founded the Little Theatre in Cork with Daniel Corkery, Con O'Leary and Terence MacSwiney. His first play was Wheel of Fortune (1909) which he revised in 1913 as Sovereign Love. From 1915-1932 he was head of the Model School in Inchicore, Dublin.
Katharine Tynan (1859-1931) was a prolific Irish writer. Tynan was contemporaneous with James Joyce's mother and they attended the same finishing school in Dublin. Tynan was part of the Irish Literary Revival Circle and was close to Yeats and later Francis Ledwidge. When selecting work for The Wild Harp she chose works striking to her as a reader rather than representative of the period as a whole.
Susanne Rouviere Day (1876-1964) was an Irish feminist and writer. She grew up in Cork and formed the local Irish Women's Franchise League in Cork for women's suffrage. However she left that in 1911 and founded the non-militant Munster Women's Franchise League. In 1911 this interest in politics led to her win the election of poor-law guardians in Cork and she used her experiences to write her first novel although this remained unpublished. From 1913 to 1917 in collaboration with Geraldine Cummins (1890-1969) she wrote a series of plays for The Abbey Theatre. The most successful of these was Fox & Geese. During World War I she spent time providing aid and relief work to refugees, however after 1918 little is known of her life.
Daniel Corkery (1878-1964) was a Cork writer, critic and Professor of English at UCC from 1931-1947. Some of his proteges included Sean O Faolain, Frank O'Connor and Seamus Murphy. He was a member of the Gaelic League and founding member of the Cork Dramatic Society with TC Murray and Con O'Leary. He was close with Tomás MacCurtain and Terence MacSwiney, successive Lord Mayors of Cork during Cork's Revolutionary Decade. He was not a native speaker but he was an Irish language enthusiast. His major works include A Munster Twilight (1917) and The Hidden Ireland (1924).
Austin Clarke (1896-1974) was an Irish poet noted for his use of technical devices from classical Irish language poetry when writing in English. He attended UC where he was taught by Douglas Hyde and Thomas MacDonagh. Clarke worked as a university lecturer in UCD, as a journalist in London from 1932-1937, and was a co-founder of the Lyric Theatre Company.